عنوان مقاله [English]
Nowadays, literature, along with movies, music, satellite TV, painting and the like, is one of the influential media to convey the thought and the culture. For a long time due to the time and circumstances, different effects of literary are always used. In European countries and the West, especially after the Renaissance, from the literary fiction, especially novels are notably used to induct their own ideology which is intended to exploit other countries, but in Iran, according to Iranian history and historical, social, religious and cultural circumstances, inborn disposition and taste, poetry has always been attended more than the other aspects of arts. One of the contemporary poets who has used the language of metaphor to express and transfer of his culture, ideas and opinions to the audience, is Hussein Esrafyli. The metaphoric language is the loudest and the most artistic method of explanation in poetry that attracted the attention of poets from the past. This paper tries to answer whether a metaphorical language can serve to the culture and to an Ideal or not? If it is so, could the metaphors of Esrafyli in his poets be served to the culture of Jihad and martyrdom? By studying the poems of him and exploiting the metaphors which he has used in his works, at first the metaphors have been structurally classified in two categories of opened and coverage, then they have been examined from the perspective of meaning and also aesthetic and artistic. To analyze the metaphors of his poets,we used the statistical graph it shows that more than 90 percent of his Poet Metaphors is in the service of the culture of Jihad and martyrdom, both from the artistic, semantic and meaning angles. So, he is considered as one of the most successful poets in the field of resistance literature and allegiance poetry.